8 Operational Strategies for Enhancing Lifespan of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Large Scale BESS Systems

February 20, 2024
May 2020

Ensuring the efficient operation of a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) is crucial for maximizing its lifespan and optimizing performance. In this article, we'll explore eight technical strategies specifically designed for the operational phase of large-scale BESS systems.

1. State of Charge (SoC) Management

Maintaining lithium-ion batteries within the optimal state of charge range (20% to 80% SoC) is key to extending their lifespan. By implementing SoC management algorithms, operators can ensure the batteries operate within this ideal range, enhancing longevity.

2. Thermal Management

Elevated temperatures can significantly accelerate battery degradation. To combat this, it's essential to incorporate active cooling systems and thermal management algorithms. By keeping temperatures within the manufacturer's specified range, operators can preserve battery health and maximize lifespan.

3. Battery Management System (BMS)

A robust BMS plays a crucial role in monitoring key operational parameters such as voltage, current, and temperature. Advanced BMSs also feature SoC estimation and cell balancing functionalities, essential for safe and efficient battery operation.

4. Load Leveling

High current loads can lead to increased internal resistance and accelerated degradation of batteries. Implementing load leveling strategies helps distribute the load evenly across the battery system, minimizing stress on individual cells and extending overall lifespan.

5. Performance Monitoring with SCADA

Regular monitoring of key performance indicators (KPIs) such as round-trip efficiency, capacity fade, and energy throughput is essential for optimal performance. SCADA systems enable operators to collect, process, and analyze real-time data, empowering them to make informed decisions for maximizing battery lifespan.

6. Preventive Maintenance

Scheduled maintenance activities, including terminal cleaning, connection tightening, and cooling system inspections, are vital for preventing long-term damage and minimizing unexpected downtime. By conducting regular preventive maintenance, operators can ensure continuous operation and prolong battery lifespan.

7. Quality Power Electronics

The efficiency and reliability of power electronics, such as inverters and converters, directly impact battery performance. Investing in high-quality power electronics with high efficiencies and wide operating ranges reduces operational stress on batteries, ultimately extending their lifespan.

8. Professional Supervision

A dedicated team of professionals should oversee BESS operation, utilizing real-time data and predictive analytics to make necessary adjustments. Professional supervision enables operators to optimize battery performance and prolong lifespan through proactive management.


By implementing these eight operational strategies, operators can effectively enhance the lifespan of lithium-ion batteries in large-scale BESS systems. Maximizing battery longevity not only improves system reliability but also ensures sustainable and efficient energy storage for years to come.

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